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Everyday Acronyms for Website Design & Development

Markup and Styling

  1. CSS: Cascading Style Sheets — CSS is a stylesheet language used to define how a web page written HTML or XHTML should be presented and displayed in a web browser.
  2. HTML: HyperText Markup Language — HTML is a tag-based markup language used to create web pages. Every site on the internet uses HTML in some form.
  3. XML: Extensible Markup Language — XML is a general purpose markup language for describing data in a structured manner.

Business Logic Programming

  1. ASP (Microsoft): Active Server Pages — ASP is a server-side scripting language used to add business logic and database interactivity to dynamic websites.
  2. JSP: JavaServer Pages — JSP is a server-side scripting language used to add business logic and database interactivity to dynamic websites.
  3. PHP: PHP Hypertext Preprocessor/Personal Home Page — PHP is a server-side scripting language used to add business logic and database interactivity to dynamic websites.

Databases

  1. CMS: Content Management System — CMS is the system that your website is managed through, most commonly WordPress, Joomla, Drupal, ExpressEngine and more.
  2. CRM: Customer Relationship Management — CRM is the basics needed to manage a client and business properly to allow easy delivery of services and follow up.
  3. CRUD: Create, Read, Update and Delete — CRUD are the four basic functions of any persistent storage system, most commonly a database system.
  4. DBMS: Database Management System — A DB is a structured collection of data organized to allow for easy retrieval by computer programs using SQL.
  5. SQL: Structured Query Language — SQL is a special programming language used to retrieve data from and modify relational database systems.

Servers and Hosting

  1. CRON: Command Run ON — CRON is a scheduling program on most Unix system. It is used to schedule time-sensitive activities for software programs to perform.
  2. IIS: Internet Information Services — IIS is a set of internet-based services for servers running Microsoft Windows.
  3. VPS: Virtual Private Server — A VPS is a partition of a physical server that has the ability to run a separate operating system and reboot itself independently of other VPSs on the same physical server.

Protocols

  1. FTP: File Transfer Protocol — FTP is a commonly used protocol for transferring files from one computer to another over a network.
  2. HTTP: HyperText Transfer Protocol — HTTP is a communications protocol used for transferring data available on the Web.
  3. HTTPS: Secure HypterText Transfer Protocol — HTTPS is a variation of HTTP used to specify that the data being transferred is/should be encrypted and secure.
  4. SSH: Secure Shell — SSH is a network protocol that allows data to be exchanged over a secure channel between two computers.
  5. SSL: Secure Sockets Layer — SSL is a cryptographic protocol used for encrypting sensitive data while being sent through the Internet.

Client-Side Scripting

  1. AJAX: Asynchronous JavaScript And XML — AJAX is a web programming technique that uses JavaScript to transparently interact with a web server, eliminating the need to reload a web page to see changes.
  2. DOM: Document Object Model — DOM is a standard object model for representing HTML and XML formats as objects.
  3. JS/ECMAScript: JavaScript — JavaScript is a scripting language used for client-side (web browser) web development.

Development

  1. CVS: Concurrent Versions System — CVS is a version control system that allows several developers to collaboratively work on a single set of code.
  2. GUI: Graphical User Interface — A GUI is a computer interface that allows users to interact with the computer through graphical icons and windows, typically with the aid of a mouse.
  3. WYSIWYG: What You See Is What You Get — WYSIWYG is used to describe web development applications in which the authoring environment closely resembles the final output of the program.

Graphics and Images

  1. GIF: Graphics Interchange Format — GIF is a popular graphics format most commonly used for graphics in web sites.
  2. JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group — JPEG is an image compression codec commonly used to encode pictures for the Web.
  3. PNG: Portable Network Graphics — PNG is an image format that was developed to replace the aging GIF image format for web sites.
  4. PSD: PhotoShop Document — PSD files are the primary authoring output files of Adobe Photoshop.
  5. SVG: Scalable Vector Graphics — SVG is an XML markup language used to describe two dimensional vector graphics.
  6. SWF: Small Web Format/ShockWave Flash — SWF is a proprietary vector graphics format used to create animations on web sites.

E-commerce

  1. AVS: Address Verification System — AVS is a method of verifying the identity of a person using a credit card to make a purchase online.
  2. CSC/CVV: Card Security Code/Card Verification Value — CSC is a security feature available on most major credit cards that is used to prevent credit card fraud.
  3. MID: Merchant ID — A MID is a unique identifier assigned to companies selling goods and used for billing purposes.

Addressing

  1. CNAME: Canonical Name — A CNAME is an alias of one hostname to another.
  2. DNS: Domain Name System — DNS servers as the phone book of the Internet. It translates human-readable hostnames such as solosignal.com into numeric IP addresses used by networking equipment.
  3. ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers — ICANN is a non-profit organization formed to oversee the management of domain names and IP addresses.
  4. IP: Internet Protocol — IP is a protocol for transferring data across a packet-switched network.
  5. SLD: Second-Level Domain — SLD is a domain directly below the TLD. For example. In “solosignal.com”, “solosignal” is the SLD and “.com” is the TLD.
  6. TLD: Top-Level Domain — TLD is the last part of any Internet domain name. For example: .com, .net, and .org are all TLDs.
  7. URL: Uniform Resource Locator — URLs are the addresses used to request files through the Web.
  8. WWW: World Wide Web — The WWW is the network of interlinked hypertext documents available through the Internet.
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